Broomstick video

Broomstick video Therefore, the objective of our study was to describe the translation and adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese of the FAS-IR, developed by Calvocoressi et al. 5 After receiving authorization from the authors of the original scale (Calvocoressi L, 2007, personal communication), two independent professionals translated and adapted the scale into Brazilian Portuguese.
Based on the two translations, a preliminary version of the instrument was developed and administered to 15 relatives of OCD broomstick video patients. Subjects were selected to represent different socioeconomic levels and cultural backgrounds. The aim of this pilot questionnaire administration was to assess the quality of the translation and to collect suggestions broomstick video for language adjustments aimed at improving instrument clarity and ensuring that the items would be easily understood by broomstick video groups from different cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds. The pilot questionnaire broomstick crochet pattern was administered broomstick video at Hospital de Clnicas de Porto broomstick video Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
Whenever the subject had difficulties understanding hyundai showrooms a question or a particular word, the interviewer reworded it until the respondent understood the meaning the interviewer wished to convey. The most frequent suggestions made by the interviewees were either added to the questionnaire in parentheses or used to rephrase broomstick video the questions, to ensure their understanding in a definitive version. Once the scale was considered to be appropriately translated into Portuguese, its back-translation into broomstick video English was conducted independently by two commercial coolrooms other bilingual health professionals who broomstick video broomstick video had not seen the instrument in its original form.
After comparing the two back-translations, a new English version of the scale was generated. The final translated version of the FAS-IR broomstick video is presented in Appendix 1. Figure 1 presents a flowchart teen chat rooms video of the process of translation, adaptation and back-translation.
Of the 15 relatives involved in the pilot questionnaire application, 93% were broomstick video female and 53% were mothers of the patients; mean age was 55 16.4 years. The participants had different education levels, ranging from 33% who broomstick video had completed kings road consulting rooms basic education to 7% with university degrees. As previously mentioned, some family members had questions about the wording of some questions; these subjects requested an explanation from the interviewer and made suggestions to improve the bathrooms countertops clarity and understanding of the instrument.
The change made to the scale are listed in Table 1.
Discussion broomstick video and conclusion Throughout the process of adaptation of the FAS-IR into Brazilian Portuguese, we sought to achieve semantic equivalence between the original and the translated versions.
This process involved using language with a focus on roomstogo furniture maintaining growing magic mushrooms video the meaning of the concepts contained in the original instrument so that it would have a similar effect on the respondents in both cultures. 9 As a result, the interaction between subjects and interviewers was especially important, in the sense of enduring that the original meaning of the question would be conveyed. The process of adapting an instrument is thus a combination of literal word broomstick video translation girl dies from broomstick and careful fine-tuning that addresses the cultural context and lifestyle of the target population. 9 Moreover, approval of the back-translated version by the zelda rooms original authors ensured that the original meanings were not lost. As a result, we strongly believe that the Brazilian version of FAS-IR can provide a baseline measure of accommodation and serve as a sensitive measure of changes obtained with cognitive-behavioral treatment broomstick video approaches. In sum, the availability of broomstick video the FAS-IR in Brazilian Portuguese will allow Brazilian investigators to evaluate the participation of family members in rituals and changes in routine, as well as the influence of such participation on the maintenance of symptoms.
Moreover, it can be used to assess broomstick video whether family accommodation is aluminum sun rooms a predictor of the treatment outcome.


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