Batam resorts

Batam resorts 8 evaluated the phenomenon of family accommodation and observed that relatives of refractory patients presented batam resorts higher rates of accommodation and exhaustion when compared to relatives of patients who responded to treatment. These results demonstrate the relevance of the FAS-IR4, 5 as a sensitive outcome measure.
However, in order to better and more consistently assess family accommodation in different populations, translation of the scale into different languages, including Brazilian Portuguese, is required. Therefore, allinclusive resorts the objective of our study was to describe the translation and adaptation into batam resorts Brazilian Portuguese of the FAS-IR, lourdes resorts developed by Calvocoressi et al.
5 After receiving authorization from the authors batam resorts of the cottage resorts for sale in ontario original scale (Calvocoressi L, 2007, personal communication), two independent professionals translated and adapted aman resorts thailand the scale into Brazilian Portuguese.
Based on the two translations, a preliminary version of the instrument was developed and administered to 15 relatives of park resorts mablethorpe OCD patients.
Subjects were selected to represent different socioeconomic levels and cultural backgrounds.
The aim of this pilot questionnaire administration was to assess the quality of the translation and to collect suggestions for language adjustments aimed at improving instrument clarity and ensuring that the items would be easily understood by groups from different cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds.
The pilot questionnaire was administered at Hospital de Clnicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Whenever the subject had difficulties understanding a question or a particular word, the interviewer reworded it until the respondent understood the batam resorts meaning the interviewer wished to batam resorts convey.
The most frequent suggestions made by the interviewees were either added to the questionnaire in parentheses or used to rephrase the questions, to ensure their understanding in a definitive version.
Once the scale was considered to be appropriately translated into Portuguese, its back-translation into English was conducted independently by two other bilingual health professionals who had not seen the instrument in its original form.
After comparing the two back-translations, a new English version of the scale was batam resorts generated.
The final translated version of the FAS-IR is presented in Appendix 1.
Figure 1 presents a flowchart of the process of translation, adaptation and back-translation.
Of the batam resorts 15 relatives involved in the batam resorts pilot questionnaire application, 93% were female and 53% were mothers of resorts in desaru the patients; mean age was 55 16.4 years. The participants had different education levels, ranging from 33% who had completed basic education to 7% with university degrees.
As previously mentioned, some family members had questions about the wording of some questions; these subjects requested an explanation from the interviewer and made suggestions to improve the clarity and understanding of the instrument.
The change made to the scale are listed in Table 1.
Discussion and conclusion Throughout the process of adaptation of the FAS-IR into Brazilian Portuguese, we sought to achieve semantic equivalence between the original and the translated versions.
This process involved using language with batam resorts a focus on maintaining the meaning of the concepts contained in the original instrument so that it would have a similar effect batam resorts on the respondents in both cultures.
9 As a result, the interaction between subjects resorts in az and interviewers was especially important, in the sense of enduring that the original meaning of the question would be conveyed.
The process of adapting an instrument is thus a combination of literal word translation and careful fine-tuning that sioux narrows resorts addresses the cultural context and lifestyle of the target population.

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